Republic of Hawaii. 9.25x7.5. Albumen photo, circa 1894.
Depicts the founding members of the Republic of Hawaii, proclaimed on 4 July 1894 at Aliiolani Hale. Although termed a republic, the new state was a single-party oligarchy, with Sanford B. Dole as the first president.
Albumen hand-printing, invented in 1850, was the most popular form of photographic printing from the 1860s to 1890s. It used the albumen found in egg whites to bind the photographic chemicals to the paper, and silver nitrate to produce images by exposure to light.